ERRIS
Engage in the Romanian Research Infrastructures System
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR LASER, PLASMA AND RADIATION PHYSICS - INFLPR
inflpr
INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE DEZVOLTARE PENTRU FIZICA LASERILOR, PLASMEI SI RADIATIEI - INFLPR RA
The National Institute for Laser, Plasma & Radiation Physics (INFLPR) is an independent, public and of national importance R&D institution. INFLPR was founded in 1977, with the mission to advance the knowledge in several strategic areas of the science and technology related to laser, plasma, and radiation physics. In 1996 INFLPR was reorganized to include the Institute of Space Sciences (ISS). INFLPR (including ISS) employs 447 scientists and administrative staff to conduct frontier research ranging from basic photonic materials and high power lasers, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies, quantum dots and information technologies, plasma physics and X-ray microtomography to industrial photonics, biophotonics, plasma coatings, laser debris removal, hard radiation testing of space components, astrophysics, gravitation, space engineering incl. nano-satellites manufacturing etc.
INFLPR is pursuing advanced scientific research funded by EU programs, national and international agencies, private institutions and enterprises. The institute is currently a member of the EURATOM association, a partner in the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI), partner in LASERLAB EUROPE, ALICE, and a leader in many projects funded by the EU, NATO, and international organizations.
INFLPR's governing body is the Board of Trustees, which is assisted by the INFLPR General Director, the Board of Directors and a Scientific Advisory Board.
The Institute currently consists of six large research departments, the Center for Advanced Laser Technologies (CETAL), the Center for Technology Transfer,Innovation and Marketing, the Center for Science Education and Training and the Institute for Space Sciences branch.
The most valuable asset of INFLPR is represented by CETAL, where is installed the most powerful European laser (1 PW) operational since April 2014. CETAL is a structure with 3 major laboratories: 1. ​CETAL PW LASER FACILITY (CETAL-PW): A hyper intense laser beam focused at levels exceeding 1019 W/cm2 is able to produce energetic particles, X-ray laser beams, higher harmonics, and high flux of radiations. Relativistic electrons can be acceleraded in a relatively short distance of few mm, and high-energy electromagnetic radiation, such as those encountered in outer space, can be recreated in laboratory. The CETAL PW laser facility is aimed to explore the scientific frontiers of laser-matter interaction at ultra-intense regime and to push forward the future technologies of aerospace, nuclear engineering and medical therapies. The laboratory is equipped with a state-of-the art 1 Petawatt laser system built on Ti:Sapphire technology. The laser beam is transported in vacuum to a large target chamber (2.9x1.7x1.5 m3) placed in a bunker having 1.5 m thick walls. The bunker can host experiments with ultrarelativistic electron beams accelerated up to a few GeV and ion beams up to several hundreds of MeV.
2. LASER MATERIAL PROCESSING LABORATORY (LaMP): The laser beam is demonstrated to be the most versatile tools providing a high degree of accuracy and reproducibility. When a laser beam is focused in a tight focal spot, physical and chemical irreversible modification of the irradiated material occurs. 2D or 3D structures can be processed by various effects such as melting, laser ablation, chemicaly photoinduced reactions, densifications, etc. The LaMP laboratory is aimed to develop new laser based techniques for material processing, as well as to integrate the advanced laser tehnologies to industrial enviroment. The main directions of the laboratory are: a) Laser macroprocessing for industrial applications : cutting, drilling, soldering; b) Laser micro and nanoprocessing for fabrications of microfluidics, micro-optics, metamaterials. c)Photonic processing of biomaterials for tissue engineering, fabrications of bio-nano-materials.
3. PHOTONIC INVESTIGATIONS LABORATORY (PhiL): Various techniques of investigations involves the fundamental properties of the laser beams: coherence, polarization, monochromaticity, directionality, intensity. The initial state of an incident beam is altered under interaction of the light with a target, then the emerged beam will carry the information from the irradiated sample to a detector. In this laboratory, photonic investigations using radiations from 200 nm to mid infrared and up to terahertz domains are done. Raman spectroscopy, LIBS spectroscopy, THz spectroscopy, vibrometry - are the main techniques available for photonic investigation.
PROJECTS (some of ...)
- "Laser-Plasma Acceleration of Particles for Radiation Hardeness Testing - LEOPARD"
The LEOPARD project will establish a Centre of Competences in radiation hardness testing, able to exploit existing laser infrastructures at the Centre for Advanced Laser Technologies (CETAL - 1 PW) and the upcoming ELI-NP (2 X 10 PW), in the near future, as well as the complementary research infrastructure and professional expertise of several research groups.
- “Complex high surface area photoactive nano-materials for environmentally-friendly energy production and organic pollutants degradation.” The aim of the project is the production and processing of complex nanocomposite materials for environmental applications. It is well known, that energy production and environmental pollution are facing a major problem due to harmful industrial processes, and it is essential to find a renewable energy source for environmental protection. Nanocomposite materials can be considered as alternative to solve the present energy crisis by solar energy convertion through photovoltaic cells and hydrogen generation by water spliting. Moreover, they can be used for safe drinking water provision through catalytic water treatment eliminating organic pollutants, environmental self-cleaning, as well as safe healthcare environments that can destroy bacteria reducing hospital acquired infections. The studies performed in the frame of the project are based on the synthesis through laser techniques of nanostructured materials in form of coatings, consisting of noble metal nanoparticles, transition metal oxides, and carbon based materials.
- “Processing and immobilization by non-conventional laser techniques of grafen polymer nanocomposite materials for next-generation stretchable transparent electrodes.”
The aim of the project is the synthesis and deposition of graphene based materials in form of continuous thin films by laser techniques. The final objective is the versatile and inexpensive production of graphene-based structures for flexible and transparent electronic devices as interactive displays and organic solar cells. The structures will be immobilised onto flexible polymer sheets commonly used for flexible electronic devices. As starting material we use graphene oxide dispersions. As a first step of our investigations the photoreduction of graphene oxide through laser irradiation will be performed in order to achieve a versatile, environment-friendly and low-cost method for graphene production. Afterwards, graphene-based materials will be transferred to polymeric substrates. The physicochemical mechanisms involved in the laser-matter interaction processes will be studied and they will be associated to the compositional, structural as well as functional, electrical (conductivity at the macro and nanoscale) and optical (transmittance in the UV and visible spectral region), properties of the obtained materials.
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